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-Posted pdfs are for research, teaching, or scholarship only.-

Elenbaas, L., Hitti, A., Kneeskern, E., Ackerman, A., Fisher, K., Cao, J., & Irwin, C. (2024). “Honestly, they are just like us:” U.S. parents choose middle class gender and racial ingroup peers for their children. Developmental Psychology, 60(4), 637–648. (pdf)

Kneeskern, E. & Elenbaas, L. (2023). Someone who knows and someone I trust: Investigating how and with
whom U.S. 8- to 14-year-old youth seek to learn about racial inequality. Developmental Psychology, 59(10), 1892-1905. (pdf)

Ackerman, A. & Elenbaas, L. (2023). Eight- to 12 year-old U.S. children’s emerging subjective social status identity and intergroup attitudes. Social Development, 33(1). (pdf)


Killen, M., Elenbaas, L., Ruck, M. (2022). Developmental perspectives on social inequalities and human rights. Human Development, 66(4-5), 329-342. (pdf)

Elenbaas, L., Kneeskern, E., & Ackerman, A. (2022). Social inequalities and morality. In M. Killen & J. G. Smetana (Eds.), Handbook of moral development (3rd ed., pp. 104-117). Psychology Press. (pdf)

Killen, M., Burkholder, A. R., D’Esterre, A. P., Sims, R. N., Glidden, J., Yee, K., Luken Raz, K. V., Elenbaas, L., Rizzo, M. T., Woodward, B., Samuelson, A., Sweet, T. M., & Stapleton, L. M. (2022). Testing the effectiveness of Developing Inclusive Youth: A multi-site randomized control trial. Child Development, 93(3), 732-750. (pdf)

Elenbaas, L., Luken Raz, K., Ackerman, A., & Kneeskern, E. (2022). “This kid looks like he has everything”: 3- to 11-year-old children’s concerns for fairness and social preferences when peers differ in social class and race. Child Development, 93(5), 1527-1539. (pdf)

Mistry, R. S., Elenbaas, L., Griffin, K. M., Nenadal, L., & Yassine, A. (2021). Advancing developmental intergroup perspectives on social class. Child Development Perspectives, 15(4), 213-219. /10.1111/cdep.12431 (pdf)

Elenbaas, L., & Mistry, R. S. (2021). Distributive justice in society and among peers: 8- to 14 year-olds’ views on economic stratification inform their decisions about access to opportunities. Developmental Psychology 57(6), 951-961. (pdf)

Elenbaas, L., & Killen, M. (2021). The importance of mutual respect, fairness, and compassion in educational settings. Zeitschrift Für Entwicklungspsychologie Und Pädagogische Psychologie, 52(3-4), 57-63. (pdf)

Burkholder, A. R., Elenbaas, L., & Killen, M. (2021). Giving priority to race or wealth in peer group contexts involving social inclusion. Developmental Psychology, 57(5), 651-661. (pdf)

Mistry, R. S., & Elenbaas, L. (2021). It’s all in the family: Parents’ economic worries and youth’s perceptions of financial stress and educational outcomes. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 50(4), 724–738. (pdf)

Elenbaas, L., Rizzo, M. T., & Killen, M. (2020). A developmental science perspective on social inequality. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 29(6), 610–616. (pdf)

Rizzo, M. T., Elenbaas, L., & Vanderbilt, K. (2020). Do children distinguish between resource inequalities with individual versus structural origins? Child Development, 91(2), 439–455. (pdf)

Burkholder, A. R., Elenbaas, L., & Killen, M. (2020). Children’s and adolescents’ evaluations of intergroup exclusion in interracial and interwealth peer contexts. Child Development, 91(2), e512–e527. (pdf)

Hitti, A., Elenbaas, L., Noh, J. Y., Rizzo, M. T., Cooley, S., & Killen, M. (2020). Expectations for cross-ethnic inclusion by Asian American children and adolescents. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 23(5), 664–683. (pdf)

Curren, R., & Elenbaas, L. (2020). Civic friendship. Jubilee Center for Character and Virtues Insight Series, 1–14. (pdf)

Elenbaas, L. (2019). Perceptions of economic inequality are related to children’s judgments about access to opportunities. Developmental Psychology, 55(3), 471–481. (pdf)

Elenbaas, L. (2019). Interwealth contact and young children’s concern for equity. Child Development, 90(1), 108–116. (pdf)

Elenbaas, L., & Killen, M. (2019). Children’s perceptions of economic groups in a context of limited access to opportunities. Child Development, 90(5), 1632–1649. (pdf)

Elenbaas, L. (2019). Perceived access to resources and young children’s fairness judgments. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 188, 104667. (pdf)

McGuire, L., Elenbaas, L., Killen, M., & Rutland, A. (2019). The role of in-group norms and group status in children’s and adolescents’ decisions to rectify resource inequalities. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 37(3), 309–322. (pdf)

Elenbaas, L. (2019). Young children’s reasoning about equality and ownership in resource conflicts. Cognitive Development, 52, 100808. (pdf)

Elenbaas, L. (2019). Against unfairness: Young children’s judgments about merit, equity, and equality. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 186, 73–82. (pdf)

Killen, M., Elenbaas, L., & Rizzo, M. T. (2018). Young children’s ability to recognize and challenge unfair treatment of others in group contexts. Human Development, 61(4–5), 281–296. (pdf)

Rizzo, M. T., Cooley, S., Elenbaas, L., & Killen, M. (2018). Young children’s inclusion decisions in moral and social–conventional group norm contexts. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 165, 19–36. (pdf)

Elenbaas, L., & Killen, M. (2017). Children’s perceptions of social resource inequality. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 48, 49–58. (pdf)

Guerrero, S., Elenbaas, L., Enesco, I., & Killen, M. (2017). Preschoolers’ trust in social consensus varies by context: Conventional vs. moral domains. Anales de Psicologia, 33(1), 142–151. (pdf)

Killen, M., Elenbaas, L., Rizzo, M. T., & Rutland, A. (2017). The role of group processes in social exclusion and resource allocation decisions. In A. Rutland, D. Nesdale, & C. Spears Brown (Eds.), The Wiley handbook of group processes in children and adolescents (pp. 101–123). John Wiley & Sons Ltd. (pdf)

Elenbaas, L., Rizzo, M. T., Cooley, S., & Killen, M. (2016). Rectifying social inequalities in a resource allocation task. Cognition, 155, 176–187. (pdf)

Rizzo, M. T., Elenbaas, L., Cooley, S., & Killen, M. (2016). Children’s recognition of fairness and others’ welfare in a resource allocation task: Age related changes. Developmental Psychology, 8(52), 1307–1317. (pdf)

Elenbaas, L., & Killen, M. (2016). Children rectify inequalities for disadvantaged groups. Developmental Psychology, 8(52), 1318–1329. (pdf)

Noh, J., Elenbaas, L., Killen, M., Park, K. J., & Chung, Y. S. (2016). Opinion versus knowledge: The influence of testimony presentation on children’s judgments in morally relevant contexts. Early Education and Development, 28(2), 240–254. (pdf)

Elenbaas, L., & Killen, M. (2016). How do young children expect others to address resource inequalities? Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 150, 72–86. (pdf)

Njoroge, W. F. M., Elenbaas, L., Myaing, M. T., Garrison, M. M., & Christakis, D. A. (2016). What are young children watching? Disparities in concordant TV viewing. Howard Journal of Communications, 27(3), 203–217. (pdf)

Elenbaas, L., & Killen, M. (2016). Age-related changes in children’s associations of economic resources and race. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 884. (pdf)

Elenbaas, L., & Killen, M. (2016). Research in developmental psychology: Social exclusion among children and adolescents. In P. Riva & J. Eck (Eds.), Social exclusion: Psychological approaches to understanding and reducing its impact (pp. 89–108). Springer. (pdf)

Cooley, S., Elenbaas, L., & Killen, M. (2016). Social exclusion based on group membership is a form of prejudice. In S. Horn, M. Ruck, & L. Liben (Eds.), Advances in child development and behavior (Vol. 51, pp. 103–129). Academic Press. (pdf)

Killen, M., Elenbaas, L., & Rutland, A. (2015). Balancing the fair treatment of others while preserving group identity and autonomy. Human Development, 58(4–5), 253–272. (pdf)

Killen, M., Hitti, A., Cooley, S., & Elenbaas, L. (2015). Morality, development, and culture. In M. Gelfand, C. Y. Chiu, & Y. Y. Hong (Eds.), Handbook of advances in culture and psychology (pp. 161–220). Oxford University Press. (pdf)

Cooley, S., Elenbaas, L., & Killen, M. (2013). Moral judgments and emotions: Adolescents’ evaluations in intergroup social exclusion contexts. New Directions for Youth Development, 136, 41–57. (pdf)

Njoroge, W. F. M., & Elenbaas, L. (2013). Understanding cultural variability in media use in young childhood. Zero to Three, 33(4), 38–42. (pdf)

Njoroge, W. F. M., Elenbaas, L., Garrison, M., Myiang, M., & Christakis, D. (2013). Parent cultural attitudes and beliefs regarding young children and television. JAMA Pediatrics, 167(8), 739–745. (pdf)

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